Builder's Photo of 2-8-0 Locomotive No 1402 "James Archbald," built in 1930 by the Delaware & Hudson Railroad.-page railroad photography

page railroad photography
page railroad photography

Builder’s Photo of 2-8-0 Locomotive No 1402 “James Archbald,” built in 1930 by the Delaware & Hudson Railroad.
At least, I think that’s what it is.

A few weeks ago I spotted an 8X10 black and white framed print in an antique mall in Allen, Michigan. The unusual subject and the extraordinary quality of the image caught my eye. The print was badly wrinkled but otherwise in good condition. I suspected that the wrinkles were the result of a botched mount job, in which case any effort at salvaging the print would have been impossible, but I couldn’t tell for sure while it was behind glass in the frame. Since the price was only I decided to take a chance.

Upon removing the print from the frame I was happy to find that it was not stuck to either the glass or the backing board., and that it was an actual silver-halide photo print and not a halftone reproduction.

I wanted to remove the wrinkles if possible, both because they detracted greatly from the appearance of the print and also to make it possible to get a good scan. I thought that the print would soften and become limp if it were soaked in water, but I know from personal experience that photo paper made before the advent of resin coating will curl badly if simply air-dried. A "blotter roll" would be ideal for the job, but the chance of finding such a thing these days is nil. Eventually I decided to use pant hangers at the top and bottom to keep the print stretched as it dried, and this proved to be very satisfactory, The wrinkles are gone, I got the scan which you see here, and the original is back in the frame and looking very fine indeed.

The characteristic shape of the unexposed areas on the long sides caused by the sheet-film holder and the film manufacturer’s edge markings told me that this is a contact print of an 8X10 negative, which accounts for the remarkable sharpness and tonal qualtiy. The edge marking reads "EASTMAN-NITRATE-KODAK." The nitrate base which supported the emulsion on film made many decades ago was highly flammable, so it was eventually replace by cellulose acetate, which removed the fire hazard. If you’ve seen the phrase "Kodak Safety Film," that’s what it refers to.

The number 12016 and the date 8-22-30 were written on the negative by hand.

My next step, of course, was to Google "locomotive 1402." I wouldn’t have been surprised if this photo had been mass produced for sale at train shows, and I expected to find it showing up on lots of web pages. Instead I found only a few references to locomotives bearing the number 1402, and no reproductions of "my" photograph.

I believe this is a photo of the engine shown here. The same locomotive is mentioned here, where it is said to have been built at the Alco-Schenectady Works.

The D&H 1402 was built in 1930, which corresponds to the date on the photo, so my guess is that I have an original builder’s photo, made at the works before the locomotive was put into service. Certainly the fact that it was shot with an 8X10 camera and the superb craft evident in every step from exposing the film to making the final print suggest a professional job.

One thing this photo lacks is a sense of scale, but according to one of the web pages cited above those drivers are a little over 63 inches in diameter. This was a huge machine!

I hope that all who chance to view this image will share my pleasure in this lovely artifact of railroading and photography as practiced nearly eighty years ago. If anyone can correct or confirm my identification, or has any other information to share about either the locomotive or the photograph, I’d be very grateful if you’d leave a comment.

page railroad photography
page railroad photography

White Pass and Yukon Railroad tracks, Clifton, Alaska
White Pass & Yukon Railroad tracks, Clifton, Alaska, ca. 1899

Hegg, Eric A.

Subjects (LCTGM):
Railroad tracks–Alaska–Clifton
Telegraph lines–Alaska–Clifton

Digital Collection:
Eric A. Hegg Photographs

Item Number: HEG462

Persistent URL:,263

Visit Special Collections reproductions and rights page for information on ordering a copy.

University of Washington Libraries. Digital Collections

page railroad photography

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